Nvidia Jetson Nano vs Raspberry Pi 4

Comparison and Benchmark

Introduction

NVIDIA announced the Jetson Nano Developer Kit at the 2019 NVIDIA GPU Technology Conference (GTC), a $99 [USD] computer available now for embedded designers, researchers, and DIY makers, delivering the power of modern AI in a compact, easy-to-use platform with full software programmability. NVIDIA® Jetson Nano Developer Kit is a small, powerful computer that lets you run multiple neural networks in parallel for applications like image classification, object detection, segmentation, and speech processing.

Raspberry Pi 4 Model B is the latest product in the popular Raspberry Pi range of computers. Raspberry Pi 4 was released on June 2019. It offers ground-breaking increases in processor speed, multimedia performance, memory, and connectivity compared to the prior-generation Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+, while retaining backwards compatibility and similar power consumption. For the end user, Raspberry Pi 4 Model B provides desktop performance comparable to entry-level x86 PC systems.

In this comparison, we will be comparing the highest spec model of Jetson Nano with the highest spec model of Raspberry Pi 4B.

PlatformCPUGPUMemoryStorageMRP
Jetson Nano4x ARM Cortex A57 @ 1.43 GHz128x Maxwell @ 921 MHz (472 GFLOPS)4GB LPDDR4 – 1600Micro SD$99.00
Raspberry Pi 4 Model B4x ARM Cortex A72 @ 1.5GHzBroadcom VideoCore VI2GB / 4GB / 8GB LPDDR4 – 3200Micro SD$55.00
(4GB RAM)
$75.00
(8GB RAM)

Jetson Nano vs Raspberry Pi 4 Model B Specifications

FeaturesJetson Nano 4GBJetson Nano 2GBRaspberry Pi 4 B
CPUARM Cortex-A57 (quad-core) @ 1.43GHzARM Cortex-A57 (quad-core) @ 1.43GHzBroadcom BCM2711, quad-core Cortex-A72 (ARM v8)
64-bit SoC @ 1.5GHz
GPU128-core NVIDIA Maxwell @ 921MHz128-core NVIDIA Maxwell @ 921MHzBroadcom VideoCore VI
DL NVIDIA GPU support (CUDA, cuDNN, TensorRT) NVIDIA GPU support (CUDA, cuDNN, TensorRT)
Memory 4GB 64-bit LPDDR4 @ 1600MHz | 25.6 GB/s 2GB 64-bit LPDDR4 @ 1600MHz | 25.6 GB/s2GB, 4GB or 8GB LPDDR4-3200 SDRAM with on-die ECC
Storage MicroSD card MicroSD cardMicroSD card
Vision NVIDIA GPU support (CUDA, VisionWorks, OpenCV) NVIDIA GPU support (CUDA, VisionWorks, OpenCV)OpenGL ES 3.0 Graphics
Encoder4Kp30 | 4x 1080p30 | 9x 720p30 (H.264/H.265)4Kp30 | 4x 1080p30 | 9x 720p30 (H.264/H.265)H.264 (1080p30)
Decoder4Kp60 | 2x 4Kp30 | 8x 1080p30 | 18x 720p30 (H.264/H.265)4Kp60 | 2x 4Kp30 | 8x 1080p30 | 18x 720p30 (H.264/H.265)H.265 (4Kp60) | H.264 (1080p60)
Camera 2x MIPI CSI-2 connectors1x MIPI CSI-2 connector1× MIPI CSI Connector
Display HDMI and DP HDMI2× micro-HDMI (4kp60) | 1× MIPI DSI
WirelessM.2 Key-E Empty Slot802.11ac wireless2.4 GHz and 5.0 GHz 802.11ac | Bluetooth 5.0 |BLE
Ethernet 10/100/1000 BASE-T Ethernet Gigabit EthernetGigabit Ethernet
USB4x USB 3.0 A | 1x USB 2.0 Micro-B1x USB 3.0 A | 2x USB 2.0 A | USB 2.0 Micro-B2x USB 3.0 A | 2x USB 2.0 A
CAN NANANA
Misc IO UART, SPI, I2C, I2S, GPIOs UART, SPI, I2C, I2S, GPIOsUART, SPI, I2C, GPIO
Thermals -25°C to 80°C -25°C to 80°C0°C – 50°C
Power5V / 5-10W5V / 5-10W5V / 10-15W
FeaturesJetson Nano 4GBJetson Nano 2GBRaspberry Pi 4 B

Jetson Nano Product Offer

Jetson Nano 2GB can be purchased from official channels at a price of 55$ or ₹4,900 and Jetson Nano 4GB at a price of 99$ or ₹9,300.

In the box of Jetson Nano
  • 80x100mm Reference Carrier Board, complete devkit with Module and Heatsink weighs 138 grams
  • Jetson Nano Module with a passive heatsink [ Upgradable to Active Cooling ]
  • Card Board Pop-Up Stand
  • Getting Started Paper Guide
  • No SD-Card, No Power Input Selection Jumper
Nvidia Jetson Nano Box :: Front View
Unboxing Nvidia Jetson Nano
Nvidia Jetson Nano Unboxed
Nvidia Jetson Nano Box :: Rear View
What You Will Need Extra for Jetson Nano
  • Power Supply
    • 5V⎓2A Micro-USB adapter ( Adafruit GEO151UB ) [ I Used One-Plus 6 Charger ]
    • 5V⎓4A DC Barrel Jack Adapter, 5.5mm OD x 2.1mm ID x 9.5mm Length, Center-Positive ( Adafruit 1446 ) [ I Used a Belkin 5V⎓4A ]
  • MicroSD card ( 16GB UHS-1 Minumum ) [ OS will Occupy ~12.5GB ]
  • A Full HD 1080p or Above Monitor with HDMI or DP Input
  • A Computer to Flash the SD Card

Raspberry Pi 4 B Product Offer

Raspberry Pi 4 B can be purchased from official channels at a price of $35 or ₹3,200 for 2GB model, $55 or ₹4,800 for 4GB model and $75 or ₹6,800 for 8GB model.

In the box of Raspberry Pi 4 B
  • 85x56mm Board weighs 52 grams
  • Getting Started Paper Guide
  • No SD-Card, No Power Supply

Picture Credit : Adafruit

What you will need extra for Raspberry Pi 4 B
  • Power Supply
    • 5V⎓3A USB C adapter
  • MicroSD card ( 16GB UHS-1 Minumum )
  • A Full HD 1080p or Above Monitor with HDMI Input
  • A Computer to Flash the SD Card
  • Micro HDMI to HDMI Cable

Price Comparison Jetson Nano vs Raspberry Pi 4

Jetson Nano 2GB
55%
Jetson Nano 4GB
99%
Raspberry Pi 4 B 2GB
35%
Raspberry Pi 4 B 4GB
55%
Raspberry Pi 4 B 8GB
75%

Port Comparison

Jetson Nano 4GBJetson Nano 2GBRaspberry Pi 4 B
MicroSD Card SlotMicroSD Card SlotMicroSD Card Slot
40-pin GPIO Expansion Header40-pin GPIO Expansion Header40-pin GPIO Expansion Header
Micro USB BMicro USB BUSB C
Gigabit Ethernet PortGigabit Ethernet PortGigabit Ethernet Port
4x USB 3.0 A1x USB 3.0 A | 2x USB 2.0 A2x USB 3.0 A | 2x USB 2.0 A
HDMI | Display PortHDMI2x Micro HDMI
DC Barrel Jack Power InputNANA
2x MIPI CSI1x MIPI CSI1x MIPI CSI
NANA1x MIPI DSI

GPIO Header Comparison Jetson Nano vs Raspberry Pi 4

Nvidia has Intelligently kept the Jetson Nano GPIO same as Raspberry Pi 4 B as this will help them to capture the market easily by supporting most of the Raspberry Pi Hats and Accessories Out of the Box. They also have placed the GPIO Header J41 is such a way that all the Hats protrude outwards as there is no Space to accommodate Hats on the PCB Side, unlike Raspberry Pi.

NamePinPinName
3.3 VDC Power125.0 VDC Power
I2C_2_SDA 345.0 VDC Power
I2C_2_SCL 56GND
AUDIO_MCLK78UART_2_TX 
GND910UART_2_RX 
UART_2_RTS1112I2S_4_SCLK
SPI_2_SCK1314GND
LCD_TE1516SPI_2_CS1
3.3 VDC Power1718SPI_2_CS0
SPI_1_MOSI1920GND
SPI_1_MISO2122SPI_2_MISO
SPI_1_SCK2324SPI_1_CS0
GND2526SPI_1_CS1
I2C_1_SDA2728I2C_1_SCL
CAM_AF_EN2930GND
GPIO_PZ03132LCD_BL_PWM
GPIO_PE63334GND
I2S_4_LRCK3536UART_2_CTS
SPI_2_MOSI3738I2S_4_SDIN
GND3940I2S_4_SDOUT
NamePinPinName
Raspberry Pi 4 B Pinout
Raspberry Pi 4 B Pinout

Jetson Nano 4GB Vs Raspberry Pi 4 B 8GB Benchmark

Phoronix Test Suite :

So I Started with Some of the Standard Test of Phoronix Test Suite. You can also run the same test by executing the below commands.

sudo apt-get install -y php-cli php-xml

# Download PTS  https://www.phoronix-test-suite.com/ and  Install

phoronix-test-suite benchmark 1809111-RA-ARMLINUX005

# Accept for Dependency Installation and Wait a few hours, Test Result is available at : 

~/.phoronix-test-suite/test-results/
TestRaspberry Pi 4 B 8GBJetson Nano 4GBNotes
Tinymembenc
Standard Memcpy
2526.8 MB/s3501 MB/sMB/s > Higher Is Better
TTSIOD 3D Renderer
Phong Rendering With Soft-Shadow Mapping
32.3075 FPS41.00 FPSFPS > Higher Is Better
7-Zip Compression
Compress Speed Test
3701 MIPS3501 MIPSMIPS > Higher Is Better
C-Ray
Total Time – 4K, 16 Rays Per Pixel
609.431 Seconds932 SecondsSeconds < Lower Is Better
Primesieve
1e12 Prime Number Generation
519.238 Seconds468 SecondsSeconds < Lower Is Better
AOBench
Size: 2048 x 2048
125.643 Seconds187 SecondsSeconds < Lower Is Better
FLAC Audio Encoding
WAV To FLAC
85.805 Seconds104.01 SecondsSeconds < Lower Is Better
LAME MP3 Encoding
WAV To MP3
124.952 Seconds144.21 SecondsSeconds < Lower Is Better
Perl
Pod2html
0.58082059 Seconds0.7114 SecondsSeconds < Lower Is Better
Redis
GET
491168.39 Requests Per Second568431 Requests Per SecondRequests Per Second > Higher Is Better
PyBench
Total For Average Test Times
5673 Milliseconds7080 MillisecondsMilliseconds < Lower Is Better
TestRaspberry Pi 4 B 8GBJetson Nano 4GBNotes
Is Nvidia Jetson Nano better than Raspberry Pi 4B?

Compared to Raspberry Pi 4B Jetson Nano is expensive in the same RAM configuration. For day to day computing activities and embedded work and projects, Raspberry Pi is a better value for money. Only when projects demand GPU usage or ML or AI applications that can benefit from CUDA cores you should consider Jetson Nano.

Which is a better Linux PC?

Raspberry Pi 4 B is a better Linux PC with better value at 8GB and 4GB RAM. Also, the plenty of USB 3.0 Ports, Integrated WiFi, Bluetooth and Dual Monitor Configuration is really that most user wants in their day to day use PC.

Which is better value for money device?

Raspberry Pi 4 B is a better value for money device.

Which device is suitable for heavy computing, ML, AI, Video and Image Processing?

Jetson Nano is more suited for this because of the availability of CUDA cores, GPU and multiple video encoder and decoder.


Crazy Engineer

MAKER - ENGINEER - YOUTUBER

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